Thursday, September 29, 2011

Journal of Marriage and Family 73(5)

Journal of Marriage and Family, October 2011: Volume 73, Issue 5

Brief Reports

Better Parents, More Stable Partners: Union Transitions Among Cohabiting Parents
Lauren Rinelli McClain

Life Events, Sibling Warmth, and Youths' Adjustment
Evelyn B. Waite, Lilly Shanahan, Susan D. Calkins, Susan P. Keane and Marion O'Brien

The Familial Socialization of Culturally Related Values in Mexican American Families
George P. Knight, Cady Berkel, Adriana J. Umaña-Taylor, Nancy A. Gonzales, Idean Ettekal, Maryanne Jaconis and Brenna M. Boyd

Methodological Innovation

Toward Best Practices in Analyzing Datasets with Missing Data: Comparisons and Recommendations
David R. Johnson and Rebekah Young

Family Influences on Child Outcomes

Does Conservative Protestantism Moderate the Association Between Corporal Punishment and Child Outcomes?
Christopher G. Ellison, Marc A. Musick and George W. Holden

Parental Work Schedules and Children's Cognitive Trajectories
Wen-Jui Han and Liana E. Fox

Household Structure and Children's Educational Attainment: A Perspective on Coresidence with Grandparents
Maria A. Monserud and Glen H. Elder Jr.

Effect on Preschoolers' Literacy when Never-Married Mothers Get Married
Jay Fagan

Associations Between Family Communication Patterns, Sibling Closeness, and Adoptive Status
Diana R. Samek and Martha A. Rueter

Intimate Unions Over the Life Course

Adolescents' Gender Mistrust: Variations and Implications for the Quality of Romantic Relationships
Kei M. Nomaguchi, Peggy C. Giordano, Wendy D. Manning and Monica A. Longmore

Social Exchange and Sexual Behavior in Young Women's Premarital Relationships in Kenya
Nancy Luke, Rachel E. Goldberg, Blessing U. Mberu and Eliya M. Zulu

Changing Patterns of Interracial Marriage in a Multiracial Society
Zhenchao Qian and Daniel T. Lichter

Of General Interest

Unemployment in Families: The Case of Housework
Margaret Gough and Alexandra Killewald

Changes in At-Risk American Men's Crime and Substance Use Trajectories Following Fatherhood
David C. R. Kerr, Deborah M. Capaldi, Lee D. Owen, Margit Wiesner and Katherine C. Pears

Working-Class Jobs and New Parents' Mental Health
Maureen Perry-Jenkins, JuliAnna Z. Smith, Abbie E. Goldberg and Jade Logan

Do Traditional Fathers Always Work More? Gender Ideology, Race, and Parenthood
Rebecca Glauber and Kristi L. Gozjolko

Does a House Divided Stand? Kinship and the Continuity of Shared Living Arrangements
Jennifer E. Glick and Jennifer Van Hook

Wednesday, September 28, 2011

American Sociological Review 76(5)

American Sociological Review, October 2011: Volume 76, Issue 5

Professional Role Confidence and Gendered Persistence in Engineering
Erin Cech, Brian Rubineau, Susan Silbey, and Caroll Seron
Social psychological research on gendered persistence in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) professions is dominated by two explanations: women leave because they perceive their family plans to be at odds with demands of STEM careers, and women leave due to low self-assessment of their skills in STEM’s intellectual tasks, net of their performance. This study uses original panel data to examine behavioral and intentional persistence among students who enter an engineering major in college. Surprisingly, family plans do not contribute to women’s attrition during college but are negatively associated with men’s intentions to pursue an engineering career. Additionally, math self-assessment does not predict behavioral or intentional persistence once students enroll in a STEM major. This study introduces professional role confidence—individuals’ confidence in their ability to successfully fulfill the roles, competencies, and identity features of a profession—and argues that women’s lack of this confidence, compared to men, reduces their likelihood of remaining in engineering majors and careers. We find that professional role confidence predicts behavioral and intentional persistence, and that women’s relative lack of this confidence contributes to their attrition.

Bringing Managers Back In: Managerial Influences on Workplace Inequality
Emilio J. Castilla
While great progress has been made in documenting that organizational practices affect workplace inequality, little is known about how managers in particular may shape the careers of the employees below them. Using unique longitudinal personnel data on managers and their subordinates, this study identifies and tests for evidence of three distinct mechanisms by which managers potentially influence the assessment of employee performance in the workplace: (1) social network influence between employees’ current and former managers; (2) manager–manager (horizontal) homophily; and (3) manager–employee (vertical) homophily. I find evidence of the independent effects of all three mechanisms of managerial influence on the outcome of disagreement in the performance evaluation ratings of the same worker between former and current managers. In particular, my results stress that both managerial network influence and horizontal homophily affect the process of employee performance assessments, over and above the well-studied vertical homophily mechanism. I conclude by discussing the theoretical implications of these findings for future research regarding the interactional aspects of workplace inequality within contemporary organizations.

The Firm Strikes Back: Non-compete Agreements and the Mobility of Technical Professionals
Matt Marx
This study explores how firms shape labor markets and career paths using employee non-compete agreements. The sociology of work has overlooked non-competes, but data indicate that nearly half of technical professionals in the United States are asked to sign such employment contracts. Fearing loss of investments in talent and trade secrets, firms use non-competes to “strike back” against technical professionals’ increased mobility following the decline of internal labor markets. In-depth interviews with 52 randomly sampled patent holders in a single industry, coupled with a survey of 1,029 engineers across a variety of industries, reveal that ex-employees subject to non-competes are more likely to take career detours—that is, they involuntarily leave their technical field to avoid a potential lawsuit. Moreover, firms strategically manage the process of getting workers to sign such contracts, waiting for workers’ bargaining position to weaken. These findings inform our understanding of the social organization of work in the knowledge economy.

Neighborhood Effects in Temporal Perspective: The Impact of Long-Term Exposure to Concentrated Disadvantage on High School Graduation
Geoffrey T. Wodtke, David J. Harding, and Felix Elwert
Theory suggests that neighborhood effects depend not only on where individuals live today, but also on where they lived in the past. Previous research, however, usually measures neighborhood context only once and does not account for length of residence, thereby understating the detrimental effects of long-term neighborhood disadvantage. This study investigates effects of duration of exposure to disadvantaged neighborhoods on high school graduation. It follows 4,154 children in the Panel Study of Income Dynamics, measuring neighborhood context once per year from age 1 to 17. The analysis overcomes the problem of dynamic neighborhood selection by adapting novel methods of causal inference for time-varying treatments. In contrast to previous analyses, these methods do not “control away” the effect of neighborhood context operating indirectly through time-varying characteristics of the family; thus, they capture the full impact of a lifetime of neighborhood disadvantage. We find that sustained exposure to disadvantaged neighborhoods has a severe impact on high school graduation that is considerably larger than effects reported in prior research. We estimate that growing up in the most (compared to the least) disadvantaged quintile of neighborhoods reduces the probability of graduation from 96 to 76 percent for black children, and from 95 to 87 percent for nonblack children.

Dangerous Liaisons? Dating and Drinking Diffusion in Adolescent Peer Networks
Derek A. Kreager and Dana L. Haynie
The onset and escalation of alcohol consumption and romantic relationships are hallmarks of adolescence. Yet only recently have these domains jointly been the focus of sociological inquiry. We extend this literature by connecting alcohol use, dating, and peers to understand the diffusion of drinking behavior in school-based friendship networks. Drawing on Granovetter’s classic concept of weak ties, we argue that adolescent romantic partners are likely to be network bridges, or liaisons, connecting daters to new peer contexts that, in turn, promote changes in individual drinking behaviors and allow these behaviors to spread across peer networks. Using longitudinal data of 449 couples from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health, we estimate Actor–Partner Interdependence Models and identify unique contributions of partners’ drinking, friends’ drinking, and friends-of-partners’ drinking to daters’ own future binge drinking and drinking frequency. Findings support the liaison hypothesis and suggest that friends-of-partners’ drinking have net associations with adolescent drinking patterns. Moreover, the coefficient for friends-of-partners’ drinking is larger than the coefficient for one’s own peers and generally immune to prior selection. Our findings suggest that romantic relationships are important mechanisms for understanding the diffusion of emergent problem behaviors in adolescent peer networks.

Misery Does Not Love Company: Network Selection Mechanisms and Depression Homophily
David R. Schaefer, Olga Kornienko, and Andrew M. Fox
Conventional wisdom holds that friends protect against depression through the social support they provide; however, depression likely has a role in structuring friendship networks. In particular, we investigate friend selection mechanisms responsible for similarity in depression among friends (i.e., homophily). Preference is one explanation, yet several correlates of depression make homophilous selection among depressed individuals unlikely. We propose two alternative mechanisms—avoidance and withdrawal—that can produce depression homophily in the absence of preference. These alternative mechanisms create homophily indirectly by limiting friendship partners available to depressed individuals. We test the preference, avoidance, and withdrawal mechanisms using data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health and a dynamic network model. Results provide support for the withdrawal mechanism. These findings help explain how depression affects friend selection and have broader implications for understanding selection mechanisms responsible for network patterns such as homophily.

How General Is Trust in "Most People"? Solving the Radius of Trust Problem
Jan Delhey, Kenneth Newton, and Christian Welzel
Generalized trust has become a paramount topic throughout the social sciences, in its own right and as the key civic component of social capital. To date, cross-national research relies on the standard question: “Generally speaking, would you say that most people can be trusted or that you need to be very careful in dealing with people?” Yet the radius problem—that is, how wide a circle of others respondents imagine as “most people”—makes comparisons between individuals and countries problematic. Until now, much about the radius problem has been speculation, but data for 51 countries from the latest World Values Survey make it possible to estimate how wide the trust radius actually is. We do this by relating responses to the standard trust question to a new battery of items that measures in-group and out-group trust. In 41 out of 51 countries, “most people” in the standard question predominantly connotes out-groups. To this extent, it is a valid measure of general trust in others. Nevertheless, the radius of “most people” varies considerably across countries; it is substantially narrower in Confucian countries and wider in wealthy countries. Some country rankings on trust thus change dramatically when the standard question is replaced by a radius-adjusted trust score. In cross-country regressions, the radius of trust matters for civic attitudes and behaviors because the assumed civic nature of trust depends on a wide radius.

Sunday, September 25, 2011

Forthcoming (Fall 2011)

Many journals release articles online prior to their formal publication date. Some of these will be published in the next issue of their respective journals, while others might be held for a year or longer. Although the list is long, it can be worth perusing at least a couple times a year.

These journals currently provide early access to forthcoming articles, and their content is listed below:
American Psychologist
American Sociological Review
British Journal of Criminology
Crime & Delinquency
Critical Criminology
Journal of Criminal Justice
Journal of Quantitative Criminology
Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency
Justice Quarterly
Psychological Bulletin
Sociological Methodology
Theoretical Criminology

Theory and Society

American Psychologist

Nonrational processes in ethical decision making.
Rogerson, Mark D.; Gottlieb, Michael C.; Handelsman, Mitchell M.; Knapp, Samuel; Younggren, Jeffrey

Guidelines for psychological practice with lesbian, gay, and bisexual clients.
No authorship indicated

Principles for quality undergraduate education in psychology.
No authorship indicated

Guidelines for the practice of parenting coordination.
No authorship indicated

Lesbian, gay, and bisexual victimization in the military: An unintended consequence of “don't ask, don't tell”?
Burks, Derek J.

Guidelines for the evaluation of dementia and age-related cognitive change.
No authorship indicated

Beyond positive psychology?: Toward a contextual view of psychological processes and well-being.
McNulty, James K.; Fincham, Frank D.

Training the brain: Practical applications of neural plasticity from the intersection of cognitive neuroscience, developmental psychology, and prevention science.
Bryck, Richard L.; Fisher, Philip A.

Understanding the dorsal and ventral systems of the human cerebral cortex: Beyond dichotomies.
Borst, Grégoire; Thompson, William L.; Kosslyn, Stephen M.

Public skepticism of psychology: Why many people perceive the study of human behavior as unscientific.
Lilienfeld, Scott O.

Toward a new approach to the study of personality in culture.
Cheung, Fanny M.; van de Vijver, Fons J. R.; Leong, Frederick T. L.

Lifestyle and mental health.
Walsh, Roger

American Sociological Review

Bringing Managers Back In: Managerial Influences on Workplace Inequality
Emilio J. Castilla

Neighborhood Effects in Temporal Perspective: The Impact of Long-Term Exposure to Concentrated Disadvantage on High School Graduation
Geoffrey T. Wodtke, David J. Harding, and Felix Elwert

The Firm Strikes Back: Non-compete Agreements and the Mobility of Technical Professionals
Matt Marx

The Enduring Association between Education and Mortality: The Role of Widening and Narrowing Disparities
Richard Miech, Fred Pampel, Jinyoung Kim, and Richard G. Rogers

British Journal of Criminology

Sentencing for Murder: Exploring Public Knowledge and Public Opinion in England and Wales
Barry Mitchell and Julian V. Roberts

Executions, Imprisonment and Crime in Trinidad and Tobago
David F. Greenberg and Biko Agozino

The Legitimization of CCTV as a Policy Tool: Genesis and Stabilization of a Socio-Technical Device in Three French Cities
Séverine Germain, Anne-Cécile Douillet, and Laurence Dumoulin

‘Keeping the Peace’: Social Identity, Procedural Justice and the Policing of Football Crowds
Clifford Stott, James Hoggett, and Geoff Pearson

Security and Disappointment: Policing, Freedom and Xenophobia in South Africa
Jonny Steinberg

Using Jurors to Explore Public Attitudes to Sentencing
Kate Warner and Julia Davis

Understanding Cooperation With Police in a Diverse Society
Kristina Murphy and Adrian Cherney

E-Resistance and Technological In/Security in Everyday Life: The Palestinian Case
Nadera Shalhoub-Kevorkian

Untangling the Relationship Between Fear of Crime and Perceptions of Disorder: Evidence from a Longitudinal Study of Young People in England and Wales
Ian Brunton-Smith

Compstat and the New Penology: A Paradigm Shift in Policing?
James J. Willis and Stephen D. Mastrofski

Using ‘Turning Points’ To Understand Processes of Change in Offending: Notes from a Swedish Study on Life Courses and Crime
Christoffer Carlsson

History And Global Criminology: (Re)Inventing Delinquency in Vietnam
Pamela Cox

The Soldier as Victim: Peering through the Looking Glass
Ross McGarry and Sandra Walklate

Perceived Group Threat and Punitive Attitudes in Russia and The United States
Darren Wheelock, Olga Semukhina, and Nicolai N. Demidov

Homicide Law Reform in Victoria, Australia: From Provocation to Defensive Homicide and Beyond
Kate Fitz-Gibbon and Sharon Pickering

Informers and the Transition in Northern Ireland
Ron Dudai

Regulating Drug Dependency in China: The 2008 PRC Drug Prohibition Law
Sarah Biddulph and Chuanyu Xie

Mind the Double Gap: Using Multivariate Multilevel Modelling to Investigate Public Perceptions of Crime Trends
John Mohan, Liz Twigg, and Joanna Taylor

Juvenile Victims in Restorative Justice: Findings from the Reintegrative Shaming Experiments
Tali Gal and Shomron Moyal

‘I Had a Hard Life’: Exploring Childhood Adversity in the Shaping of Masculinities among Men Who Killed an Intimate Partner in South Africa
Shanaaz Mathews, Rachel Jewkes, and Naeemah Abrahams

War Crimes in the 2008 Georgia–Russia Conflict
Christopher W. Mullins

Sentencing Guidelines and Judicial Discretion: Evolution of the Duty of Courts to Comply in England and Wales
Julian V. Roberts

Crime & Delinquency

The Only Thing We Have to Fear Is Fear Itself: Investigating the Relationship Between Fear of Falling and White-Collar Crime
Nicole Leeper Piquero

A Comparison of Chinese Immigrants’ Perceptions of the Police in New York City and Toronto
Doris C. Chu and John Huey-Long Song

Race, Ethnicity, and School-Based Adolescent Victimization
Anthony A. Peguero, Ann Marie Popp, and Dixie J. Koo

Inside the Black Box: Identifying the Variables That Mediate the Effects of an Experimental Intervention for Adolescents
Carter Hay, Xia Wang, Emily Ciaravolo, and Ryan C. Meldrum

Reconceptualizing Victimization and Victimization Responses
Heather Zaykowski

Participation in the Community Social Control, the Neighborhood Watch Groups : Individual- and Neighborhood-Related Factors
Ji Hyon Kang

How do Former Inmates Perform in the Community? A Survival Analysis of Rearrests, Reconvictions, and Technical Parole Violations
Michael Ostermann

Reporting Error in Household Gun Ownership in the 2000 General Social Survey
Richard L. Legault

Gang Involvement: Social and Environmental Factors
Emma Alleyne and Jane L. Wood

The Impact of Race/Ethnicity and Quality-of-Life Policing on Public Attitudes Toward Racially Biased Policing and Traffic Stops
Jihong Solomon Zhao, Yung-Lien Lai, Ling Ren, and Brian Lawton

Examining the Effects of Residential Situations and Residential Mobility on Offender Recidivism
Benjamin Steiner, Matthew D. Makarios, and Lawrence F. Travis III

Officer Race Versus Macro-Level Context: A Test of Competing Hypotheses About Black Citizens’ Experiences With and Perceptions of Black Police Officers
Rod K. Brunson and Jacinta M. Gau

Guns and Trafficking in Crack-Cocaine and Other Drug Markets
Richard B. Felson and Luke Bonkiewicz

Neighborhood Conditions and Fear of Crime: A Reconsideration of Sex Differences
Karen A. Snedker

Sentencing Juveniles to Life in Prison: The Reproduction of Juvenile Justice for Young Adolescents Charged With Murder
Simon I. Singer

Understanding Gang Membership and Crime Victimization Among Jail Inmates: Testing the Effects of Self-Control
Kathleen A. Fox, Jodi Lane, and Ronald L. Akers

Does Prison-Based Adult Basic Education Improve Postrelease Outcomes for Male Prisoners in Florida?
Rosa Minhyo Cho and John H. Tyler

Shelter During the Storm: A Search for Factors That Protect At-Risk Adolescents From Violence
Marvin D. Krohn, Alan J. Lizotte, Shawn D. Bushway, Nicole M. Schmidt, and Matthew D. Phillips

The Impact of Drivers’ Race, Gender, and Age During Traffic Stops: Assessing Interaction Terms and the Social Conditioning Model
Rob Tillyer and Robin S. Engel

The Subjective Impact of Contact With the Criminal Justice System: The Role of Gender and Stigmatization
Andrew James McGrath

Gendered Pathways? Gender, Mediating Factors, and the Gap in Boys’ and Girls’ Substance Use
Rachel Bridges Whaley, Justin Hayes-Smith, and Rebecca Hayes-Smith

Testing the Link Between Child Maltreatment and Family Violence Among Police Officers
Egbert Zavala

The Relationship Between Citizen Perceptions of Collective Efficacy and Neighborhood Violent Crime
Todd A. Armstrong, Charles M. Katz, and Stephen M. Schnebly

Using Cognitive Interviewing to Explore Causes for Racial Differences on the MAYSI-2
Henrika McCoy

Policing Domestic Violence in the Post-SARP Era: The Impact of a Domestic Violence Police Unit
M. Lyn Exum, Jennifer L. Hartman, Paul C. Friday, and Vivian B. Lord

An Examination of the Micro-Level Crime–Fear of Crime Link
Jihong Solomon Zhao, Brian Lawton, and Dennis Longmire

Examining Officer and Citizen Accounts of Police Use-of-Force Incidents
Jeff Rojek, Geoffrey P. Alpert, and Hayden P. Smith

Risk Assessment of Girls: Are There Any Sex Differences in Risk Factors for Re-offending and in Risk Profiles?
Claudia E. van der Put, Maja Dekovic, Machteld Hoeve, Geert Jan J. M. Stams, Peter H. van der Laan, and Femke E. M. Langewouters

Prison Architecture and Inmate Misconduct: A Multilevel Assessment
Robert G. Morris and John L. Worrall

Sentencing Asian Offenders in State Courts: The Influence of a Prevalent Stereotype
Travis W. Franklin and Noelle E. Fearn

Problem-Oriented Policing in Colorado Springs: A Content Analysis of 753 Cases
Edward R. Maguire, Craig D. Uchida, and Kimberly D. Hassell

Accumulated Strain, Negative Emotions, and Crime: A Test of General Strain Theory in Russia
Ekaterina Botchkovar and Lisa Broidy

A Sociological Theory of Drug Sales, Gifts, and Frauds
Scott Jacques and Richard Wright

Sedentary Activities, Peer Behavior, and Delinquency Among American Youth
Robert G. Morris and Matthew C. Johnson

Assessing Crime as a Problem: The Relationship Between Residents’ Perception of Crime and Official Crime Rates Over 25 Years
John R Hipp

Do More Police Lead to More Crime Deterrence?
Gary Kleck and J.C. Barnes

Men, Women, and Postrelease Offending: An Examination of the Nature of the Link Between Relational Ties and Recidivism
Jennifer E. Cobbina, Beth M. Huebner, and Mark T. Berg

Comparative Effectiveness of California’s Proposition 36 and Drug Court Programs Before and After Propensity Score Matching
Elizabeth Evans, Libo Li, Darren Urada, and M. Douglas Anglin

Magnetic Facilities: Identifying the Convergence Settings of Juvenile Delinquents
Gisela Bichler, Aili Malm, and Janet Enriquez

Evidence-Based Prosecution of Intimate Partner Violence in the Post-Crawford Era: A Single-City Study of the Factors Leading to Prosecution
Jill Theresa Messing

Reevaluating Interrater Reliability in Offender Risk Assessment
Leontien M van der Knaap, Laura E. W. Leenarts, Marise Ph Born, and Paul Oosterveld

Beyond Boston: Applying Theory to Understand and Address Sustainability Issues in Focused Deterrence Initiatives for Violence Reduction
Marie Skubak Tillyer, Robin S. Engel, and Brian Lovins

The Criminal Victimization–Depression Sequela: Examining the Effects of Violent Victimization on Depression With a Longitudinal Propensity Score Design
Andy Hochstetler, Gloria Jones-Johnson, Matt Delisi, and W. Roy Johnson

Race, Pre- and Postdetention, and Juvenile Justice Decision Making
Michael J. Leiber

Period Effects in the Impact of Vietnam-Era Military Service on Crime Over the Life Course
Leana Allen Bouffard

Using a Criminally Involved Population to Examine the Relationship Between Race/Ethnicity, Structural Disadvantage, and Methamphetamine Use
Andrew M. Fox and Nancy Rodriguez

Policing Juveniles: Domestic Violence Arrest Policies, Gender, and Police Response to Child–Parent Violence
Kevin J. Strom, Tara D. Warner, Lisa Tichavsky, and Margaret A. Zahn

Reactive Versus Proactive Attitudes Toward Domestic Violence: A Comparison of Taiwanese Male and Female Police Officers
Doris C. Chu and Ivan Y. Sun

The Ties That Bind: Desistance From Gangs
David C. Pyrooz, Scott H. Decker, and Vincent J. Webb

Community and Campus Crime: A Geospatial Examination of the Clery Act
Matt R. Nobles, Kathleen A. Fox, David N. Khey, and Alan J. Lizotte

A Squandered Opportunity? A Review of SAMHSA’S National Registry of Evidence-Based Programs and Practices for Offenders
Benjamin J. Wright, Sheldon X. Zhang, and David Farabee

Crisis Intervention Teams and People With Mental Illness: Exploring the Factors That Influence the Use of Force
Melissa S. Morabito, Amy N. Kerr, Amy Watson, Jeffrey Draine, Victor Ottati, and Beth Angell

Placing the Neighborhood Accessibility–Burglary Link in Social-Structural Context
Jeffrey T. Ward, Matt R. Nobles, Tasha J. Youstin, and Carrie L. Cook

Disentangling the Effects of Violent Victimization, Violent Behavior, and Gun Carrying for Minority Inner-City Youth Living in Extreme Poverty
Richard Spano and John Bolland

Cultures of Violence and Acts of Terror: Applying a Legitimation–Habituation Model to Terrorism
Christopher W. Mullins and Joseph K. Young

Elaboration on Specialization in Crime: Disaggregating Age Cohort Effects
Shachar Yonai, Stephen Z. Levine, and Joseph Glicksohn

Preentry Substance Abuse Services: The Heterogeneity of Offender Experiences
Philip R. Magaletta, Pamela M. Diamond, Beth M. Weinman, Ashley Burnell, and Carl G. Leukefeld

General Strain Theory and School Bullying: An Empirical Test in South Korea
Byongook Moon, Merry Morash, and John D. McCluskey

Morality, Self-Control, Deterrence, and Drug Use: Street Youths and Situational Action Theory
Owen Gallupe and Stephen W. Baron

Disproportionate Minority Confinement of Juveniles: A National Examination of Black–White Disparity in Placements, 1997-2006
Jaya Davis and Jon R. Sorensen

Violent Video Games, Catharsis Seeking, Bullying, and Delinquency: A Multivariate Analysis of Effects
Christopher J. Ferguson, Cheryl K. Olson, Lawrence A. Kutner, and Dorothy E. Warner

Drugs, Guns, and Disadvantaged Youths: Co-Occurring Behavior and the Code of the Street
Andrea N. Allen and Celia C. Lo

A Comparison of Robbers’ Use of Physical Coercion in Commercial and Street Robberies
John D. McCluskey

Calling the Police in Instances of Family Violence: Effects of Victim–Offender Relationship and Life Stages
Ji Hyon Kang and James P. Lynch

The Aftermath of Criminal Victimization: Race, Self-Esteem, and Self-Efficacy
Matt DeLisi, Gloria Jones-Johnson, W. Roy Johnson, and Andy Hochstetler

The Impact of Drug Treatment on Recidivism: Do Mandatory Programs Make a Difference? Evidence From Kansas's Senate Bill 123
Andres F. Rengifo and Don Stemen

Disaggregating the Relationship Between Schools and Crime: A Spatial Analysis
Rebecca K. Murray and Marc L. Swatt

Indeterminate and Determinate Sentencing Models: A State-Specific Analysis of Their Effects on Recidivism
Yan Zhang, Lening Zhang, and Michael S. Vaughn

Assessing the Differential Effects of Race and Ethnicity on Sentence Outcomes Under Different Sentencing Systems
Xia Wang, Daniel P. Mears, Cassia Spohn, and Lisa Dario

Differential Deterrence: Studying Heterogeneity and Changes in Perceptual Deterrence Among Serious Youthful Offenders
Thomas A. Loughran, Alex R. Piquero, Jeffrey Fagan, and Edward P. Mulvey

Do State Policies Matter in Prosecutor-Reported Juvenile Marijuana Case Disposition?
Yvonne M. Terry-McElrath, Jamie F. Chriqui, Hannalori Bates, and Duane C. McBride

Examining Diffusion and Arrest Avoidance Practices Among Johns
Thomas J. Holt, Kristie R. Blevins, and Joseph B. Kuhns

Problem-Oriented Policing and Open-Air Drug Markets: Examining the Rockford Pulling Levers Deterrence Strategy
Nicholas Corsaro, Rod K. Brunson, and Edmund F. McGarrell

Organizational Failure and the Disbanding of Local Police Agencies
William R. King

A Multivariate Analysis of the Sociodemographic Predictors of Methamphetamine Production and Use
Todd A. Armstrong and Gaylene S. Armstrong

The Lost Cause? Examining the Southern Culture of Honor Through Defensive Gun Use
Heith Copes, Tomislav V. Kovandzic, J. Mitchell Miller, and Luke Williamson

Childhood Psychopathology Predicts Adolescence-Onset Offending: A Longitudinal Study
Nicole Buck, Frank Verhulst, Hjalmar van Marle, and Jan van der Ende

Modeling Isomorphism on Policing Innovation: The Role of Institutional Pressures in Adopting Community-Oriented Policing
George W. Burruss and Matthew J. Giblin

Community Characteristics and Methamphetamine Use in a Rural State: An Analysis of Preincarceration Usage by Prison Inmates
Aaron Roussell, Malcolm D. Holmes, and Richard Anderson-Sprecher

Determinants of Police Strength in Large U.S. Cities During the 1990s: A Fixed-Effects Panel Analysis
William P. McCarty, Ling Ren, and Jihong "Solomon" Zhao

Associations Between Order Maintenance Policing and Violent Crime: Considering the Mediating Effects of Residential Context
Robert J. Kane and Shea W. Cronin

Criminal Offending and Learning Disabilities in New Zealand Youth: Does Reading Comprehension Predict Recidivism?
Julia J. Rucklidge, Anthony P. McLean, and Paula Bateup

Propensity for Violence Among Homeless and Runaway Adolescents: An Event History Analysis
Devan M. Crawford, Les B. Whitbeck, and Dan R. Hoyt

The Public Safety Impact of Community Notification Laws: Rearrest of Convicted Sex Offenders
Naomi J. Freeman

Offender Perceptions of Graduated Sanctions
Eric J. Wodahl, Robbin Ogle, Colleen Kadleck, and Kenneth Gerow

Implications of Different Outcome Measures for an Understanding of Inmate Misconduct
Benjamin Steiner and John Wooldredge

Stability of Delinquent Peer Associations: A Biosocial Test of Warr’s Sticky-Friends Hypothesis
Kevin M. Beaver, Chris L. Gibson, Michael G. Turner, Matt DeLisi, Michael G. Vaughn, and Ashleigh Holand

Parental Status and Punitiveness: Moderating Effects of Gender and Concern About Crime
Kelly Welch

What a Girl Wants, What a Girl Needs: Findings From a Gender-Specific Focus Group Study
Crystal A. Garcia and Jodi Lane

Cheating the Hangman: The Effect of the Roper v. Simmons Decision on Homicides Committed by Juveniles
Jamie L. Flexon, Lisa Stolzenberg, and Stewart J. D’Alessio

Judges' Reactions to Ohio's "Jessica's Law"
Timothy Griffin and John Wooldredge

The Institutionalization of Racial Profiling Policy: An Examination of Antiprofiling Policy Adoption Among Large Law Enforcement Agencies
Kirk Miller

The Impact of Security Placement on Female Offenders' Institutional Behavior
Renée Gobeil, Kelley Blanchette, and Meredith Robeson Barrett

An Examination of the Interactions of Race and Gender on Sentencing Decisions Using a Trichotomous Dependent Variable
Tina L. Freiburger and Carly M. Hilinski

The Impact of Mass Incarceration on Poverty
Robert DeFina and Lance Hannon

Housing for the “Worst of the Worst” Inmates: Public Support for Supermax Prisons
Daniel P. Mears, Christina Mancini, Kevin M. Beaver, and Marc Gertz

The Timing and Accumulation of Judicial Sanctions Among Drug Court Clients
Nick McRee and Laurie A. Drapela

Exploring Inmate Reentry in a Local Jail Setting: Implications for Outreach, Service Use, and Recidivism
Michael D. White, Jessica Saunders, Christopher Fisher, and Jeff Mellow

Sexual Arousal and Self-Control: Results From a Preliminary Experimental Test of the Stability of Self-Control
Jeffrey Bouffard and Tasha Kunzi

Deterrence and Macro-Level Perceptions of Punishment Risks: Is There a “Collective Wisdom"?
Gary Kleck and J. C. Barnes

Neighborhood Disadvantage and Reliance on the Police
Lonnie M. Schaible and Lorine A. Hughes

Racial Threat, Suspicion, and Police Behavior: The Impact of Race and Place in Traffic Enforcement
Kenneth J. Novak and Mitchell B. Chamlin

The Effectiveness of Policies and Programs That Attempt to Reduce Firearm Violence: A Meta-Analysis
Matthew D. Makarios and Travis C. Pratt

The Dangerous Drug Offender in Federal Court: Intersections of Race, Ethnicity, and Culpability
Cassia Spohn and Lisa L. Sample

Contagious Fire? An Empirical Assessment of the Problem of Multi-shooter, Multi-shot Deadly Force Incidents in Police Work
Michael D. White and David Klinger

Political Culture Versus Socioeconomic Approaches to Predicting Police Strength in U.S. Police Agencies: Results of a Longitudinal Study, 1993 to 2003
Jihong Zhao, Ling Ren, and Nicholas P. Lovrich

Elder Physical Abuse and Failure to Report Cases: Similarities and Differences in Case Type and the Justice System's Response
Brian K. Payne

Causes of School Bullying: Empirical Test of a General Theory of Crime, Differential Association Theory, and General Strain Theory
Byongook Moon, Hye-Won Hwang, and John D. McCluskey

Critical Criminology

Tough-on-Crime Tolerance: The Cultural Criminalization of Bigotry in the Post-Civil Rights Era
Clara S. Lewis

Criminogenic Cyber-Capitalism: Paul Virilio, Simulation, and the Global Financial Crisis
Eric Wilson

Reentry to What? Theorizing Prisoner Reentry in the Jobless Future
Michael Hallett

Political Elites, “Broken Windows”, and the Commodification of Urban Space
Ronald Kramer

Youth Violence and Hegemonic Masculinity among Pacific Islander and Asian American Adolescents
David Tokiharu Mayeda and Lisa Pasko

Ironies of Crime, Control, and Criminology
Scott Jacques and Richard Wright

Talking Heads and Bleeding Hearts: Newsmaking, Emotion and Public Criminology in the Wake of a Sexual Assault
Michael Mopas and Dawn Moore

Out of Time: The Moral Temporality of Sex, Crime and Taboo
Sharon Hayes and Belinda Carpenter

Justice in the Democratic Republic of Congo: Practicing Corruption, Practicing Resistance?
Maritza Felices-Luna

Critical Criminology Meets Radical Constructivism
Nicolas Carrier

White-Collar Crime and Police Crime: Rotten Apples or Rotten Barrels?
Petter Gottschalk

A False Sense of Security: Moral Panic Driven Sex Offender Legislation
Mary Maguire and Jennie Kaufman Singer

A General Theories of Hate Crime? Strain, Doing Difference and Self Control
Mark Austin Walters

From Safety to Danger: Constructions of Crime in a Women’s Magazine
Delthia E. Miller and John L. McMullan

Enemies and Citizens of the State: Die Boeremag as the Face of Postapartheid Otherness
Kathryn Henne

Journal of Criminal Justice

Marked for Death: An Empirical Criminal Careers Analysis of Death Sentences in a Sample of Convicted Male Homicide Offenders
Monic P. Behnken, Jonathan W. Caudill, Mark T. Berg, Chad R. Trulson, Matt DeLisi

Social ecology, individual risk, and recidivism: A multilevel examination of main and moderating influences
Marie Skubak Tillyer, Brenda Vose

The reliability of police employee counts: Comparing FBI and ICMA data, 1954–2008
William R. King, Abdullah Cihan, Justin A. Heinonen

Patterns of criminal achievement in sexual offending: Unravelling the “successful” sex offender
Patrick Lussier, Martin Bouchard, Eric Beauregard

The genetic origins of psychopathic personality traits in adult males and females: Results from an adoption-based study
Kevin M. Beaver, Meghan W. Rowland, Joseph A. Schwartz, Joseph L. Nedelec

Motives and methods for leaving the gang: Understanding the process of gang desistance
David C. Pyrooz, Scott H. Decker

Parenthood and crime: The role of wantedness, relationships with partners, and ses
Peggy C. Giordano, Patrick M. Seffrin, Wendy D. Manning, Monica A. Longmore

Estimating the probability of local crime clusters: The impact of immediate spatial neighbors
Martin A. Andresen

Evidence of a gene × environment interaction between perceived prejudice and MAOA genotype in the prediction of criminal arrests
Joseph A. Schwartz, Kevin M. Beaver

Reintegration or stigmatization? Offenders’ expectations of community re-entry
Michael L. Benson, Leanne Fiftal Alarid, Velmer S. Burton, Francis T. Cullen

Assessing the interaction between offender and victim criminal lifestyles and homicide type
Jesenia M. Pizarro, Kristen M. Zgoba, Wesley G. Jennings

Journal of Quantitative Criminology

The Transcendence of Violence Across Relationships: New Methods for Understanding Men’s and Women’s Experiences of Intimate Partner Violence Across the Life Course
Kristin Carbone-Lopez, Callie Marie Rennison and Ross Macmillan

Integrated Theory and Crimes of Trust
Scott Menard and Robert G. Morris

Specialized Versus Versatile Intergenerational Transmission of Violence: A New Approach to Studying Intergenerational Transmission from Violent Versus Non-Violent Fathers: Latent Class Analysis
Sytske Besemer

Having a Bad Month: General Versus Specific Effects of Stress on Crime
Richard B. Felson, D. Wayne Osgood, Julie Horney and Craig Wiernik

Cycles in Crime and Economy: Leading, Lagging and Coincident Behaviors
Claudio Detotto and Edoardo Otranto

Racial Context and Crime Reporting: A Test of Black’s Stratification Hypothesis
Min Xie and Janet L. Lauritsen

Spatializing the Social Networks of Gangs to Explore Patterns of Violence
George E. Tita and Steven M. Radil

Estimating the Impact of Classification Error on the “Statistical Accuracy” of Uniform Crime Reports
James J. Nolan, Stephen M. Haas and Jessica S. Napier

A Comparison of Logistic Regression, Classification and Regression Tree, and Neural Networks Models in Predicting Violent Re-Offending
Yuan Y. Liu, Min Yang, Malcolm Ramsay, Xiao S. Li and Jeremy W. Coid

Structural Determinants of Homicide: The Big Three
Maria Tcherni

Examining the Neighborhood Context of the Violent Offending-Victimization Relationship: A Prospective Investigation
Mark T. Berg and Rolf Loeber

Spatial and Temporal Patterns of Terrorist Attacks by ETA 1970 to 2007
Gary LaFree, Laura Dugan, Min Xie and Piyusha Singh

Racial Disparity in Police Stop and Searches in England and Wales
Vani K. Borooah

Static and Dynamic Indicators of Minority Threat in Sentencing Outcomes: A Multi-Level Analysis
Cyndy Caravelis, Ted Chiricos and William Bales

Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency

The Effects of Focused Deterrence Strategies on Crime: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of the Empirical Evidence
Anthony A. Braga and David L. Weisburd

The Effects of Security Threats on Antecedents of Police Legitimacy: Findings from a Quasi-Experiment in Israel
Tal Jonathan-Zamir and David Weisburd

On the Operational Validity of Perceptual Peer Delinquency: Exploring Projection and Elements Contained in Perceptions
John H. Boman, IV, John M. Stogner, Bryan Lee Miller, O. Hayden Griffin, III, and Marvin D. Krohn

The Influence of Travel Distance on Treatment Noncompletion for Juvenile Offenders
Brian Lockwood

Partners in Crime? Criminal Offending, Marriage Formation, and Partner Selection
Marieke van Schellen, Anne-Rigt Poortman, and Paul Nieuwbeerta

The Social Transmission of Delinquency: Effects of Peer Attitudes and Behavior Revisited
Kim C. I. M. Megens and Frank M. Weerman

Journey to Grow: Linking Process to Outcome in Target Site Selection for Cannabis Cultivation
Martin Bouchard, Eric Beauregard, and Margaret Kalacska

Structural Covariates of Gang Homicide in Large U.S. Cities
David C. Pyrooz

White Perceptions of Whether African Americans and Hispanics are Prone to Violence and Support for the Death Penalty
James D. Unnever and Francis T. Cullen

Motor Vehicle Recovery: A Multilevel Event History Analysis of NIBRS Data
Aki Roberts

The Long-Term Effects of Paternal Imprisonment on Criminal Trajectories of Children
Marieke van de Rakt, Joseph Murray, and Paul Nieuwbeerta

Effects of First-Time Imprisonment on Postprison Mortality: A 25-Year Follow-Up Study with a Matched Control Group
Anja Dirkzwager, Paul Nieuwbeerta, and Arjan Blokland

Unsafe at Any Age: Linking Childhood and Adolescent Maltreatment to Delinquency and Crime
Joshua P. Mersky, James Topitzes, and Arthur J. Reynolds

Local Businesses as Attractors or Preventers of Neighborhood Disorder
Wouter Steenbeek, Beate Volker, Henk Flap, and Frank van Oort

The Effects of Corporation- and Industry-Level Strain and Opportunity on Corporate Crime
Xia Wang and Kristy Holtfreter

Delinquency Balance and Time Use: A Research Note
Jean Marie McGloin

The Offenders’ Perspective on Prevention : Guarding Against Victimization and Law Enforcement
Scott Jacques and Danielle M. Reynald

Alcohol Outlets and Community Levelsof Interpersonal Violence: Spatial Density, Outlet Type, and Seriousness of Assault
William Alex Pridemore and Tony H. Grubesic

Problem Behavior in the Middle School Years: An Assessment of the Social Development Model
Christopher J. Sullivan and Paul Hirschfield

Patterns of Near-Repeat Gun Assaults in Houston
William Wells, Ling Wu, and Xinyue Ye

Getting the Upper Hand: Scripts for Managing Victim Resistance in Carjackings
Heith Copes, Andy Hochstetler, and Michael Cherbonneau

The Imprisonment Penalty for Young Black and Hispanic Males: A Crime-Specific Analysis
Patricia Warren, Ted Chiricos, and William Bales

Age Matters: Race Differences in Police Searches of Young and Older Male Drivers
Richard Rosenfeld, Jeff Rojek, and Scott Decker

Revisiting Risk Sensitivity in the Fear of Crime
Jonathan Jackson

Measuring Community Risk and Protective Factors for Adolescent Problem Behaviors: Evidence from a Developing Nation
Edward R. Maguire, William Wells, and Charles M. Katz

Are Parrots CRAVED? An Analysis of Parrot Poaching in Mexico
Stephen Pires and Ronald V. Clarke

Gender Differences in Risk Factors for Violent Victimization: An Examination of Individual-, Family-, and Community-Level Predictors
Janet L. Lauritsen and Kristin Carbone-Lopez

The Conditional Effects of Race and Politics on Social Control: Black Violent Crime Arrests in Large Cities, 1970 to 1990
Thomas D. Stucky

Justice Quarterly

A Twin Study of Sex Differences in Self-Control
Danielle Boisvert, John Paul Wright, Valerie Knopik and Jamie Vaske

Results from a Multi-Site Evaluation of the G.R.E.A.T. Program
Finn-Aage Esbensen, Dana Peterson, Terrance J. Taylor and D. Wayne Osgood

Bringing Women’s Carceral Experiences into the “New Punitiveness” Fray
Candace Kruttschnitt, Anne-Marie Slotboom, Anja Dirkzwager and Catrien Bijleveld

Unemployment, Guardianship, and Weekday Residential Burglary
Stewart J. D’Alessio, David Eitle and Lisa Stolzenberg

Explaining Systematic Bias in Self-Reported Measures: Factors that Affect the Under- and Over-Reporting of Self-Reported Arrests
Marvin D. Krohn, Alan J. Lizotte, Matthew D. Phillips, Terence P. Thornberry and Kristin A. Bell

Sentencing Native Americans in US Federal Courts: An Examination of Disparity
Travis W. Franklin

Economic Development, Change of Age Distribution, and Stream Analogy of Homicide and Suicide: A Cross-National Assessment
Don Soo Chon

The Risk of Informal Socializing with Peers: Considering Gender Differences Across Predatory Delinquency and Substance Use
Megan Bears Augustyn and Jean Marie McGloin

The Pains of Imprisonment Revisited: The Impact of Strain on Inmate Recidivism
Shelley Johnson Listwan, Christopher J. Sullivan, Robert Agnew, Francis T. Cullen and Mark Colvin

Are Risky Youth Less Protectable as They Age? The Dynamics of Protection during Adolescence and Young Adulthood
Shawn D. Bushway, Marvin D. Krohn, Alan J. Lizotte, Matthew D. Phillips and Nicole M. Schmidt

Need, Connections, or Competence? Criminal Achievement among Adolescent Offenders
Holly Nguyen and Martin Bouchard

Social Correlates of Delinquency for Youth in Need of Mental Health Services: Examining the Scope Conditions of Criminological Theories
Matt Vogel and Steven F. Messner

The Importance of Ecological Context for Correctional Rehabilitation Programs: Understanding the Micro- and Macro-Level Dimensions of Successful Offender Treatment
Kevin A. Wright, Travis C. Pratt, Christopher T. Lowenkamp and Edward J. Latessa

Defending the Homeland: Judicial Sentencing Practices for Federal Immigration Offenses
Richard D. Hartley and Rob Tillyer

Thoughts on the Analysis of Group-Based Developmental Trajectories in Criminology
Robert Brame, Raymond Paternoster and Alex R. Piquero

Prison Visitation and Recidivism
Daniel P. Mears, Joshua C. Cochran, Sonja E. Siennick and William D. Bales

Correcting Community Service: From Work Crews to Community Work in a Juvenile Court
William R. Wood

A Situational Model for Distinguishing Terrorist and Non-Terrorist Aerial Hijackings, 1948–2007
Susan Fahey, Gary LaFree, Laura Dugan and Alex R. Piquero

Re-Examining the Functional Form of the Certainty Effect in Deterrence Theory
Thomas A. Loughran, Greg Pogarsky, Alex R. Piquero and Raymond Paternoster

The Neglect of Elder Neglect as a White-Collar Crime: Distinguishing Patient Neglect from Physical Abuse and the Criminal Justice System’s Response
Brian K. Payne, Anita Blowers and Daniel B. Jarvis

From the Officer’s Perspective: A Multilevel Examination of Citizens’ Demeanor during Traffic Stops
Robin S. Engel, Rob Tillyer, Charles F. Klahm IV and James Frank

Fear of Crime among Gang and Non-Gang Offenders: Comparing the Effects of Perpetration, Victimization, and Neighborhood Factors
Jodi Lane and Kathleen A. Fox

Recidivism and the Propensity to Forgo Parole Release
Michael Ostermann

Firmament or Folly? Protecting the Innocent, Promoting Capital Punishment, and the Paradoxes of Reconciliation
James R. Acker and Rose Bellandi

Exploring Sex Differences among Sentenced Juvenile Offenders in Australia
Robin Fitzgerald, Paul Mazerolle, Alex R. Piquero and Donna L. Ansara

Legislation Targeting Sex Offenders: Are Recent Policies Effective in Reducing Rape?
Alissa R. Ackerman, Meghan Sacks and David F. Greenberg

Revisiting the Use of Propensity Score Matching to Understand the Relationship between Gang Membership and Violent Victimization: A Cautionary Note
M. Murat Ozer and Robin S. Engel

Can Police Legitimacy Promote Collective Efficacy?
Tammy Rinehart Kochel

A Hero’s Welcome? Exploring the Prevalence and Problems of Military Veterans in the Arrestee Population
Michael D. White, Philip Mulvey, Andrew M. Fox and David Choate

Distinguishing Race Effects on Pre-Trial Release and Sentencing Decisions
John Wooldredge

Examining the Effects of Community-Based Sanctions on Offender Recidivism
Benjamin Steiner, Matthew D. Makarios, Lawrence F. Travis III and Benjamin Meade

Evaluating the Minnesota Comprehensive Offender Reentry Plan (MCORP): Results from a Randomized Experiment
Grant Duwe

The “Liberation” of Federal Judges' Discretion in the Wake of the Booker/Fanfan Decision: Is There Increased Disparity and Divergence between Courts?
Jeffery Ulmer, Michael T. Light and John Kramer

Pathways of Victimization and Resistance: Toward a Feminist Theory of Battered Women’s Help-Seeking
Amanda Burgess-Proctor

Offender Rehabilitation: Examining Changes in Inmate Treatment Characteristics, Program Participation, and Institutional Behavior
Alyssa Whitby Chamberlain

Conducted Energy Devices (CEDs) and Citizen Injuries: The Shocking Empirical Reality
William Terrill and Eugene A. Paoline III

Is the Nexus of Gang Membership, Exposure to Violence, and Violent Behavior a Key Determinant of First Time Gun Carrying for Urban Minority Youth?
Richard Spano and John M. Bolland

The Influence of Parole Officers’ Attitudes on Supervision Practices
Benjamin Steiner, Lawrence F. Travis III, Matthew D. Makarios and Taylor Brickley

Self-Complexity and Crime: Extending General Strain Theory
Shelley Keith Matthews

Psychological Bulletin

Sex differences in cooperation: A meta-analytic review of social dilemmas.
Balliet, Daniel; Li, Norman P.; Macfarlan, Shane J.; Van Vugt, Mark

Facial affect processing and depression susceptibility: Cognitive biases and cognitive neuroscience.
Bistricky, Steven L.; Ingram, Rick E.; Atchley, Ruth Ann

Psychological stress in childhood and susceptibility to the chronic diseases of aging: Moving toward a model of behavioral and biological mechanisms.
Miller, Gregory E.; Chen, Edith; Parker, Karen J.

A meta-analysis of the effect of cognitive bias modification on anxiety and depression.
Hallion, Lauren S.; Ruscio, Ayelet Meron

A biopsychosocial formulation of pain communication.
Hadjistavropoulos, Thomas; Craig, Kenneth D.; Duck, Steve; Cano, Annmarie; Goubert, Liesbet; Jackson, Philip L.; Mogil, Jeffrey S.; Rainville, Pierre; Sullivan, Michael J. L.; de C. Williams, Amanda C.; Vervoort, Tine; Fitzgerald, Theresa Dever

Sociological Methodology

Decomposition of inequality among groups by counterfactual modeling: an analysis of the gender wage gap in japan
Kazuo Yamaguchi

Bayesian meta-analysis of social network data via conditional uniform graph quantiles
Carter T. Butts

Accounting for misclassification bias in binary outcome measures of illness: the case of post-traumatic stress disorder in male veterans
Elizabeth Savoca

Dealing with extreme response style in cross-cultural research: a restricted latent class factor analysis approach
Meike Morren, John P.T.M. Gelissen and Jeroen K. Vermunt

Entropy-based segregation indices
Ricardo Mora and Javier Ruiz-Castillo

Biases of parameter estimates in misspecified structural equation models
Stanislav Kolenikov

A transition-oriented approach to optimal matching
Torsten Biemann

Theoretical Criminology

Dire forecast: A theoretical model of the impact of climate change on crime
Robert Agnew

Ornery alligators and soap on a rope: Texas prosecutors and punishment reform in the Lone Star State
Michael C. Campbell

The new political economy of private security
Adam White

Neutralizing sexual victimization: A typology of victims’ non-reporting accounts
Karen G. Weiss

Democracy and punishment: A radical view
Mike Rowan

Jane Jacobs’ framing of public disorder and its relation to the ‘broken windows’ theory
Prashan Ranasinghe

Theory and Society

“Sustainable consumption” as a new phase in a governmentalization of consumption
Yannick Rumpala

The sudden rise of French existentialism: a case-study in the sociology of intellectual life
Patrick Baert

The logic of social policy expansion in a neoliberal context: health insurance reform in Korea after the 1997 economic crisis
Oh-Jung Kwon

Friday, September 23, 2011

Law & Society Review 45(3)

Law & Society Review, September 2011: Volume 45, Issue 3

"No Hints, No Forecasts, No Previews": An Empirical Analysis of Supreme Court Nominee Candor from Harlan to Kagan
Dion Farganis and Justin Wedeking
Criticism of Supreme Court confirmation hearings has intensified considerably over the past two decades. In particular, there is a growing sense that nominees are now less forthcoming and that the hearings have suffered as a result. In this article, we challenge that conventional wisdom. Based on a comprehensive content analysis of every question and answer in all of the modern confirmation hearings—nearly 11,000 in total—we find only a mild decline in the candor of recent nominees. Moreover, we find that senators ask more probing questions than in the past, and that nominees are now more explicit about their reasons when they choose not to respond—two factors that may be fueling the perception that evasiveness has increased in recent years. We close with a discussion of the normative implications of our findings as well as an outline for future research into this issue.

"Humanitarian Aid Is Never a Crime": Humanitarianism and Illegality in Migrant Advocacy
Maria Lorena Cook
I analyze the case of humanitarian pro-migrant activists in southern Arizona between 2000 and 2010 to explore how contending groups wield law and legality claims in a dynamic policy environment. Humanitarian activists both evade and engage the law. They appeal to a higher law to elude charges that they are acting illegally, while seeking assurances that their actions are within the law. Law enforcement agents rely on the authority and technical neutrality of the law in redefining humanitarian aid as illegal, while expanding their own claims to carry out humanitarian work. This case study of advocacy on behalf of "illegal" migrants highlights how both activists and those who enforce the law redefine legality in strategic ways.

From Programmatic Reform to Social Science Research: The National Tax Association and the Promise and Perils of Disciplinary Encounters
Ajay K. Mehrotra and Joseph J. Thorndike
This article uses the history of the National Tax Association (NTA), the leading twentieth-century organization of tax professionals, to strengthen our empirical understanding of the disciplinary encounter between law and the social sciences. Building on existing sociolegal scholarship, this article explores how the NTA embodied tax law's ambivalent historical interaction with public economics. Since its founding in 1907, the NTA has changed dramatically from an eclectic and catholic organization of tax professionals with a high public profile to an insular, scholarly association of mainly academic public finance economists. Using a mix of quantitative and qualitative historical evidence, we contend that the transformation in the NTA's mission and output can be explained by the increasing professionalization and specialization of tax knowledge, and by the dominant role that public economics has played in shaping that knowledge. This increasing specialization allowed the NTA to secure its position as a bastion of scholarly tax research. But that achievement came at a cost to the organization's broader civic mission. This article is thus a historical account of how two competing professional disciplines—tax law and public economics—have interacted within a particular organizational field, namely the research and analysis of tax law and policy.

Politics, Prisons, and Law Enforcement: An Examination of the Emergence of "Law and Order" Politics in Texas
Michael C. Campbell
This article examines the rise of "law and order" politics in Texas, providing an in-depth archival case study of changes in prison policy in a Southern state during the pivotal period when many U.S. states turned to mass incarceration. It brings attention to the important role an insurgent Republican governor and law enforcement officials played in shaping crime policy. Law enforcement's role is considered within a broader examination of political strategy during a period of intense socioeconomic volatility. The findings suggest that within particular political contexts, especially those with low levels of political participation, law enforcement agents might play a key role in shaping punishment.

Representation through Participation: A Multilevel Analysis of Jury Deliberations
Erin York Cornwell and Valerie P. Hans
Fully participatory jury deliberations figure prominently in the idealized view of the American jury system, where balanced participation among diverse jurors leads to more accurate fact-finding and instills public confidence in the legal system. However, research more than 50 years ago indicated that jury-room interactions are shaped by social status, with upper-class men participating more than their lower-class and female counterparts. The effects of social status on juror participation have been examined only sporadically since then, and rarely with actual jurors. We utilize data from 2,189 criminal jurors serving on 302 juries in four jurisdictions to consider whether—and in what conditions—participation in jury deliberations differs across social groups. Our results indicate the continuing importance of social status in structuring jury-room interactions, but also reveal some surprising patterns with respect to race and gender that depart from earlier research. We also find that contextual factors including location, case characteristics, and faction size shape the relationship between social status and participation. We conclude with a critical discussion of our results and urge other researchers to take into account contextual factors when examining how individual juror characteristics shape what happens inside the jury room.

Turnout and Party Registration among Criminal Offenders in the 2008 General Election
Traci Burch
This paper estimates the voter registration, turnout, and party registration in the 2008 general election for men with felony convictions in Florida, Georgia, Michigan, Missouri, and North Carolina. The findings indicate that turnout among felons is much lower than previous research has shown. Ex-felon turnout in 2008 varied by state, averaging 22.2 percent. People captured and convicted for their first offense after the election voted at similarly low rates. Also contrary to the expectations of previous literature, the ex-felon population does not seem overwhelmingly Democratic. In North Carolina and Florida, two states for which the data are available, party registration varies by race. Among registered black male ex-felons, 71.7 percent in North Carolina and 84.2 percent in Florida are registered Democrats. Among whites, however, only 35.3 percent and 36.4 percent of ex-felons are registered Democrats in North Carolina and Florida, respectively.

Are Judicial Performance Evaluations Fair to Women and Minorities? A Cautionary Tale from Clark County, Nevada
Rebecca D. Gill, Sylvia R. Lazos and Mallory M. Waters
Because voters rely on judicial performance evaluations when casting their ballots, policymakers should work diligently to compile valid, reliable, and unbiased information about our sitting judges. Although some claim that judicial performance evaluations are fair, the systematic research needed to establish such a proposition has not been done. By the use of attorney judicial performance survey data from Clark County, Nevada, this analysis shows that objective measures of judicial performance cannot explain away differences in scores based on race and sex. Minority judges and female judges score consistently and significantly lower than do their white and male counterparts, all other things being equal. These results are consistent with the hypothesis that judicial performance evaluation surveys may carry with them unexamined and unconscious gender/race biases. Future research must compare judicial performance evaluation structure, content, and execution across states in order to identify those evaluation mechanisms least susceptible to unconscious gender and race bias.

Diversifying State Supreme Courts
Greg Goelzhauser
Why do some states diversify their supreme courts sooner than others? Using original data on the first black and female state supreme court justices, I contend that political and institutional pressures influence when states diversify their high courts. The results suggest that selection systems, institutions affecting turnover, and the appointment of political minorities to the United States Supreme Court are associated with states seating their first black and female justices. The findings have implications for our understanding of the political and institutional circumstances that promote judicial diversity.

Thursday, September 22, 2011

Social Problems 58(3)

Social Problems, August 2011: Volume 58, Issue 3

Ecological Threat and the Founding of U.S. National Environmental Movement Organizations, 1962–1998
Erik W. Johnson, Scott Frickel
This study examines the role of "ecological threat" in shaping the U.S. environmental movement. Statistical analysis combines founding data on 772 national environmental movement organizations with ecological data on air pollution levels and amphibian and bird populations. We examine these data longitudinally, from 1962 through 1998. Net of other social, economic, and political factors suggested by social movement theory, we find evidence of segmented effects in the expected directions: Declines in wildlife populations are associated with the foundings of wildlife and wilderness protection organizations while increases in air pollution are associated with the foundings of organizations focused on ecosystem well-being and public health. These findings help refine long-held assumptions about the relationship between ecological degradation and environmental activism, and demonstrate the broader utility of the threat concept for strengthening theories of social movement mobilization.

The Founding of Environmental Justice Organizations Across U.S. Counties during the 1990s and 2000s: Civil Rights and Environmental Cross-Movement Effects
Paul B. Stretesky, Sheila Huss, Michael J. Lynch, Sammy Zahran, Bob Childs
This research expands upon organizational ecology theory to examine variations in founding of organizations in the formalized sector of the environmental justice movement across U.S. counties for two time periods (1990–1999 and 2000–2008). Cross-movement effects are examined to determine if founding is more or less likely to occur in counties where related civil rights and environmental organizations are located. Consistent with the notion of agglomeration effects, we hypothesize that during the 1990s the relationship among civil rights density, environmental density, and environmental justice founding is positive and suggests cooperative efforts. That is, environmental justice organizations should form in counties where civil rights organizations and environmental organizations exist. Because the focus of environmental justice organizations may have expanded over time and created a more competitive atmosphere, cross-movement relationships that were positive across counties during the 1990s are hypothesized to turn negative across counties during the 2000s. Multivariate analysis suggests mixed support for these hypotheses. Specifically, civil rights density is positively associated with environmental justice founding during the 1990s and negatively associated with environmental justice founding during the 2000s—suggesting potential cooperative and then competitive effects across counties over time. However, the correlations between environmental density and environmental justice founding, while positive and statistically significant during the 1990s, are not statistically significant during the 2000s. Thus, in the case of organizations in the formalized sector of the environmental and environmental justice movements it appears that there is a trend toward competitive effects even as those effects have yet to materialize.

From the Lesbian Ghetto to Ambient Community: The Perceived Costs and Benefits of Integration for Community
Japonica Brown-Saracino
Drawing on an ethnography of queer women in Ithaca, New York, this article documents the perceived costs and benefits for a minority group's ties of changing attitudes, identities, and legislation. It reveals that despite the high proportion of queer women in Ithaca most informants report disappointment with "community." However, this disappointment does not correlate with a dearth of affective local ties; queer women detail a wealth of supportive ties to heterosexual and queer neighbors. Informants' simultaneous disappointment with "community" and rich local ties emerge from: (1) a shift from identity politics and networks to emphasis on shared cultural, social, and political tastes and activities; (2) the breadth of the queer female population; and (3) queer women's successful integration into Ithaca's social, cultural, and political spheres. From informants' perspectives these conditions weaken "real" community, which they associate with homogenous place-based networks of marginalized individuals, and promote a strong sense of ambient community: feelings of belonging and connection that arise from informal, voluntary, and affective ties—largely fashioned around shared tastes and activities and predicated on a sense of safety and acceptance—forged among heterogeneous proximate individuals. Contra the prevailing expectation that place-based ties best flourish among marginalized individuals who share a dominant identity and formal institutions, the article demonstrates that when social and cultural conditions change local ties change, too—they do not simply disappear. Social and cultural shifts alter the foundation of local ties and informants' assessment thereof.

No Room for New Families? A Field Experiment Measuring Rental Discrimination against Same-Sex Couples and Single Parents
Nathanael Lauster, Adam Easterbrook
We suggest that new forms of family households, especially same-sex couples and single parents, are likely to face discrimination in their interactions with rental markets. Following the contact hypothesis, we hypothesize that the geographic distribution of discrimination is likely to vary. Specifically, in places with more new family households we are likely to find less discrimination against these households. We investigate these issues in the metropolitan area of Vancouver, Canada, through analysis of 1,669 inquiries made about one- and two-bedroom apartments. Using a field experimental design similar to audit studies, we analyze landlord responses to five different two-person household scenarios, including one heterosexual couple, two same-sex couples, and two single parents. Evidence suggests that male same-sex couples, single mothers, and single fathers all face significant discrimination relative to heterosexual couples. The contact hypothesis was supported for male same-sex couples, but not for single parents. This could indicate that single parents are facing discrimination primarily based upon their economic marginalization rather than other forms of prejudice.

Violent Crime, Mobility Decisions, and Neighborhood Racial/Ethnic Transition
John R. Hipp
Numerous studies have observed a positive cross-sectional relationship between the size of racial/ethnic minority groups and crime and posited that this relationship is entirely due to a causal effect of minorities on crime rates. We posit that at least some of this relationship might be due to the opposite effect: neighborhood crime increases the number of racial/ethnic minorities. This study employs a sample that allows nesting housing units within census tracts in a number of cities to test the effect of violent crime rates on residential mobility. We find that racial/ethnic transformation occurs due to two effects: first, white households are more likely to exit neighborhoods with higher rates of violent crime than are African American households. Second, whites are significantly less likely to move into a housing unit in a tract with more violent crime, particularly if this violent crime rate is increasing. On the other hand, African American and Latino households are more likely to enter neighborhoods with higher levels of violent crime. And Latinos are particularly likely to enter neighborhoods experiencing an increasing level of violent crime over the previous four years.

Legitimacy Management, Preservation of Exchange Relationships, and the Dissolution of the Mobilization for Global Justice Coalition
Patrick F. Gillham, Bob Edwards
Throughout much of 2001 the Mobilization for Global Justice Coalition (MGJC) planned a series of mass demonstrations targeting the World Bank and International Monetary Fund to occur in Washington, DC in late September. The terrorist attacks of September 11 created a crisis for the 117 social movement organizations (SMO) involved in the broad-based coalition and forced protest leaders to reevaluate their coalition strategy. This analysis chronicles the dissolution of the MGJC and explains the decisions made by SMO leaders to abandon or disband the coalition. By leading their organizations in ways they expected to be perceived as legitimate in the eyes of key allies and supporters, leaders sought to preserve their SMO's core exchange relationships through the 9/11 crisis. At a minimum, leaders sought to insulate their organizations from irreparable harm and position them competitively for the uncertainties of the post-crisis environment. Many organizations made decisions commensurate with homophilous or exemplary organizations in a process resembling "social contagion" while others capitalized on the crisis enhancing their influence. This research relies upon participant observations of pre- and post-9/11 organizing meetings, examination of coalition documents, and interviews with key MGJC leaders.

Cultural Modeling in Two Eras of U.S. Food Protest: Grahamites (1830s) and Organic Advocates (1960s–70s)
Jeffrey Haydu
This article extends theories of social movement diffusion to encompass other kinds of cultural modeling. Using a comparison of two cases of food protest in the United States—the health food movement of William Sylvester Graham (1830s) and the early organic movement (1960s-1970s)—I emphasize similarities in underlying grievances and in the general advocacy of natural food alternatives. The two movements differed dramatically, however, in framing and tactics. I focus on contrasts in the religious significance they assigned to diet, in their democratic commitments, in the relationship they constructed between personal transformation and social change, and in their use of state-centered strategies. These frames and tactics transposed to food reform more general scripts associated with cultural institutions and movements of the time, particularly evangelical churches and temperance (Grahamites), and environmentalism, the New Left, and the wider counterculture (organic advocates).

American Journal of Sociology 117(1)

Contingent Symbiosis and Civil Society in an Authoritarian State: Understanding the Survival of China’s Grassroots NGOs
Anthony J. Spires
In the study of civil society, Tocqueville-inspired research has helped illuminate important connections between associations and democracy, while corporatism has provided a robust framework for understanding officially approved civil society organizations in authoritarian regimes. Yet neither approach accounts for the experiences of ostensibly illegal grassroots nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) in an authoritarian state. Drawing on fieldwork in China, I argue that grassroots NGOs can survive in an authoritarian regime when the state is fragmented and when censorship keeps information local. Moreover, grassroots NGOs survive only insofar as they refrain from democratic claims-making and address social needs that might fuel grievances against the state. For its part, the state tolerates such groups as long as particular state agents can claim credit for any good works while avoiding blame for any problems. Grassroots NGOs and an authoritarian state can thus coexist in a “contingent symbiosis” that—far from pointing to an inevitable democratization—allows ostensibly illegal groups to operate openly while relieving the state of some of its social welfare obligations.

The Population Dynamics of Black-White-Mulatto Racial Systems
James D. Montgomery
Building on Preston and Campbell’s two-sex model of intergenerational transmission, this article provides a theoretical analysis of the dynamics of the racial distribution in black-white-mulatto systems. The author shows that “bounded” patterns of racial classification and switching imply long-run racial homogeneity in the absence of differential reproduction. Beyond the theoretical analysis, the author attempts to account for the dramatic growth of the white population share in Puerto Rico in the early 20th century. Because the effects of racial classification and differential reproduction were roughly offsetting, the observed growth of the white share can be attributed almost entirely to racial switching.

The Diversity-Bandwidth Trade-off
Sinan Aral, Marshall Van Alstyne
The authors propose that a trade-off between network diversity and communications bandwidth regulates access to novel information because a more diverse network structure increases novelty at a cost of reducing information flow. Received novelty then depends on whether (a) the information overlap is small enough, (b) alters’ topical knowledge is shallow enough, and (c) alters’ knowledge stocks refresh slowly enough to justify bridging structural holes. Social network and e-mail content from an executive recruiting firm show that bridging ties can actually offer less novelty for these reasons, suggesting that the strength of weak ties and structural holes depend on brokers’ information environments.

Network Position and Sexual Dysfunction: Implications of Partner Betweenness for Men
Benjamin Cornwell, Edward O. Laumann
This article combines relational perspectives on gender identity with social network structural perspectives on health to understand men's sexual functioning. The authors argue that network positions that afford independence and control over social resources are consistent with traditional masculine roles and may therefore affect men's sexual performance. For example, when a heterosexual man's female partner has more frequent contact with his confidants than he does—which the authors refer to as partner betweenness—his relational autonomy, privacy, and control are constrained. Analyses of data from the National Social Life, Health, and Aging Project (NSHAP) show that about a quarter of men experience partner betweennessa and that these men are 92% more likely to report erectile dysfunction. Partner betweenness is strongest among the youngest men in the sample, which may reflect changing conceptions of masculinity in later life. The authors consider several explanations for these findings and urge additional research on the links between health, gender, and network structure.

Social Organization, Population, and Land Use
William G. Axinn, Dirgha J. Ghimire
A new approach to investigation of human influences on the environment identifies social organization as an influence independent of population size, affluence, and technology. The framework also identifies population events, such as births, that influence the environment. The authors use longitudinal, multilevel, mixed-method measures of local land use changes, population dynamics, and social organization to test this framework. These tests reveal that changes in social organization are strongly associated with changes in land use independent of measures of population size, affluence, and technology. Also, local birth events shape local land use changes and key proximate determinants of land use change.

The End of the Gender Revolution? Gender Role Attitudes from 1977 to 2008
David Cotter, Joan M. Hermsen, Reeve Vanneman
After becoming consistently more egalitarian for more than two decades, gender role attitudes in the General Social Survey have changed little since the mid-1990s. This plateau mirrors other gender trends, suggesting a fundamental alteration in the momentum toward gender equality. While cohort replacement can explain about half of the increasing egalitarianism between 1974 and 1994, the changes since the mid-1990s are not well accounted for by cohort differences. Nor is the post-1994 stagnation explained by structural or broad ideological changes in American society. The recent lack of change in gender attitudes is more likely the consequence of the rise of a new cultural frame, an “egalitarian essentialism” that blends aspects of feminist equality and traditional motherhood roles.

American Journal of Sociology, July 2011: Volume 117, Issue 1

Thursday, September 15, 2011

Sociological Theory 29(3)

The Anatomy of Network Failure
Andrew Schrank and Josh Whitford
This article develops and defends a theory of “network failure” analogous to more familiar theories of organizational and market failure already prevalent in the literature on economic governance. It theorizes those failures not as the simple absence of network governance, but rather as a situation in which transactional conditions for network desirability obtain but network governance is impeded either by ignorance or opportunism, or by a combination of the two. It depicts network failures as continuous rather than discrete outcomes, shows that they have more than one cause, and pays particular attention to two undertheorized—if not undiscovered—types of network failure (i.e., involution and contested collaboration). It thereby contributes to the development of sociology's toolkit for theorizing networks that are “neither market nor hierarchy.”

Order at the Edge of Chaos: Meanings from Netdom Switchings Across Functional Systems
Jorge Fontdevila, M. Pilar Opazo and Harrison C. White
The great German theorist Niklas Luhmann argued long ago that meaning is the central construct of sociology. We agree, but our scheme of stochastic processes—evolved over many years as identity and control—argues for switchings of intercalated bits of social network and interpretive domain (i.e., netdom switchings) as the core of meaning processes. We thus challenge Luhmann's central claim that modern society's subsystems are based on communicative self-closure. We assert that there is refuting evidence from sociolinguistics, from how languages are put together and how languages’ indexical and reflexive devices (e.g., metapragmatics, heteroglossia, genres) are used in social action. Communication is about managing indexicalities, which entail great ambiguity and openness as they are anchored in myriad netdom switchings across social times and spreads. In contrast, Luhmann's concept of communication revolves around binary codes governed recursively and algorithmically within systems in efforts to reduce complexity from the environment. We conclude that systems closure does not solve the problem of uncertainty in social life. In fact, lack of uncertainty is itself a problem. Order is necessary, but order at the edge of chaos.

The Moodiness of Action
Daniel Silver
This article argues that the concept of moodiness provides significant resources for developing a more robust pragmatist theory of action. Building on current conceptualizations of agency as effort by relational sociologists, it turns to the early work of Talcott Parsons to outline the theoretical presuppositions and antinomies endemic to any such conception; William James and John Dewey provide an alternative conception of effort as a contingent rather than fundamental form of agency. The article then proposes a way forward to a nonvoluntarist theory of action by introducing the notion of moodiness, highlighting how the concept permits a richer conceptualization of actors’ prereflexive involvement in and relatedness to nonneutral, demanding situations. Effort is reconceptualized as a moment in a broader process of action, where the mood is fragile and problematical. Finally, the article draws all of these elements together in an outline of a unified portrait of the pragmatist action cycle that includes both creativity and moodiness as essential moments.

Sociological Theory, September 2011: Volume 29, Issue 3

Monday, September 5, 2011

Social Psychology Quarterly 74(3)

Playing the (Sexual) Field: The Interactional Basis of Systems of Sexual Stratification
Adam Isaiah Green

Do Others’ Views of Us Transfer to New Groups and Tasks?: An Expectation States Approach
Will Kalkhoff, C. Wesley Younts, and Lisa Troyer

Spoiled Group Identities and Backstage Work: A Theory of Stigma Management Rehearsals
John O’Brien

Being in “Bad” Company: Power Dependence and Status in Adolescent Susceptibility to Peer Influence
Robert Vargas

Social Psychology Quarterly, September 2011: Volume 74, Issue 3

Social Psychology Quarterly 74(2)

Dual Identity as a Two-Edged Sword: Identity Threat and Minority School Performance
Gülseli Baysu, Karen Phalet, and Rupert Brown

Stigma, Reflected Appraisals, and Recovery Outcomes in Mental Illness
Fred E. Markowitz, Beth Angell, and Jan S. Greenberg

Intergroup Conflict in Russia: Testing the Group Position Model
Anca Minescu and Edwin Poppe

The Moral Self: Applying Identity Theory
Jan E. Stets and Michael J. Carter

Designing the Recipient: Managing Advice Resistance in Institutional Settings
Alexa Hepburn and Jonathan Potter

Social Psychology Quarterly, June 2011: Volume 74, Issue 2